Acne Treatment at Boulevard Dermatology
What Causes Acne?
In normal skin, oil glands under the skin, known as sebaceous glands, produce an oily substance called sebum. The sebum moves from the bottom to the top of each hair follicle and then spills out onto the surface of the skin, taking with it sloughed-off skin cells. With acne, the structure through which the sebum flows gets plugged up. This blockage traps sebum and sloughed-off cells below the skin, preventing them from being released onto the skin’s surface. If the pore’s opening is fully blocked, this produces a whitehead. If the pore’s opening is open, this produces blackheads. When whiteheads or blackheads become inflamed, they can become red pustules or papules. Inflamed papules can lead to long-term scarring.
Treating acne is a relatively slow process; there is no overnight remedy. Following a preliminary consultation, the dermatologist might recommend:
- Benzoyl Peroxide: Used in mild cases of acne, benzoyl peroxide reduces the blockages in the hair follicles
- Oral and Topical Antibiotics: Used to treat any infection in the pores
- Tretinoin: A derivative of Vitamin A, tretinoin helps unplug the blocked-up material in whiteheads/blackheads
- Extraction: Removal of whiteheads and blackheads using a small metal instrument that is centered on the comedone and pushed down, extruding the blocked pore.
Acne Scarring Treatment
There are many safe and effective treatments for the hyperpigmentation and skin depressions created by acne scars. Following our first consultation, we may recommend: